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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Word Limits
Please include a word count for your paper. A typical paper for this journal should be no be between 5000 and 7000 words in length, inclusive of the abstract, tables, references, figure captions, footnotes.

Preparing Your Paper Structure
Your paper should be compiled in the following order: title page; abstract; keywords; main text introduction, methods, results, discussion; acknowledgments; declaration of interest statement; references; appendices (as appropriate); table(s) with caption(s) (on individual pages); figures; figure captions (as a list).

Title Page
The title page should include:
- The name(s) of the author(s)
- A concise and informative title
- The affiliation(s) of the author(s), i.e. institution, (department), city, (state), country
- A clear indication and an active e-mail address of the corresponding author
- If available, the 16-digit ORCID of the author(s)
For authors that are (temporarily) unaffiliated we will only capture their city and country of residence, not their e-mail address unless specifically requested.

Structured abstract
All submissions must include a structured abstract, consisting four sub-headings:
- Purpose
- Design/methodology/approach
- Findings
- Originality
The maximum length of your abstract should be 250 words in total, including keywords.

Please provide 4 to 6 keywords which can be used for indexing purposes.

All manuscripts must contain the following sections under the heading 'Declarations'.
If any of the sections are not relevant to your manuscript, please include the heading and write 'Not applicable' for that section.
- Funding (information that explains whether and by whom the research was supported)
- Conflicts of interest/Competing interests (include appropriate disclosures)
- Availability of data and material (data transparency)

The list of references should only include works that are cited in the text and that have been published or accepted for publication. All references in your manuscript must be formatted using one of the recognised Harvard styles. Harvard referencing style in your text should be written as follows: Single author: (Jone, 2012); Two authors: (Jone and Brien, 2012); Three or more authors: (Jone et al., 2011) Please note, ‘et al’ should always be written in italics.

List the references at the end of the manuscript text, after appendices but before tables and figures. Authors should adhere to the following guide for references:
For journals: Surname, initials (year), “title of article”, journal name, volume issue, page numbers.
e.g. Jone, R.T, and Brien, R. (2012), “Multiple perspectives on fraud and accounting scandals”, Journal of Digital Marketing, Vol. 03 No. 4, pp.42-60.

For books: Surname, initials (year), title of book, publisher, place of publication.
e.g. Jone, R.T, and Brien, R. (2012), Forensic Accounting, Simon & Schuster, New York, NY.

For Book chapter: Surname, initials (year), "chapter title", editor's surname, initials (Ed.), title of book, publisher, place of publication, page numbers.
e.g. O’Neil, J. M., and Egan, J. (1992). Men’s and women’s gender role journeys: Metaphor for healing, transition, and transformation. In B. R. Wainrib (Ed.), Gender issues across the life cycle, New York: Springer, (pp. 107–123).


One important expectation for publication is that articles must make a strong theoretical contribution. Meaningful new implications or insights for theory must be present in all articles, whether such implications or insights are derived from empirical research, or from the conceptual synthesis of recent advances and novel ideas into new theory. Submissions should clearly signal and communicate the nature of their theoretical contribution in relation to the existing literatures.